Nihewan Basin mews groove sites made a new discovery

release:2018-01-19 16:08:25 publisher:ARTS coin_Global art digital asset trading

The Nihewan Basin, known as the "hometown of the Orient," has also made new archaeological discoveries. Wang Fagang, director of the project of the Nihewan Mahuanggou archaeological team in the prehistoric archaeological research room of the Hebei Institute of Cultural relics, revealed on 18th. They found 792 stone products and 1, 573 animal fossils in the early Paleolithic site-Mahuangou, one of the earliest Paleolithic sites in the Nihewan basin. It may represent the first stone tool technology revolution of early Pleistocene in Nihewan basin. It is of great value to understand the early Pleistocene stone tool technology in northern China. This excavation has further perfected the early Pleistocene stone technology. The cultural sequence of Paleo human evolution in the Pleistocene.

On the same day, Hebei Provincial Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology business report will be held in 2017, Wang Fagang made the presentation at the meeting. It is reported that the total excavation depth of 16.45 meters, a total of four cultural layers, the first layer is the culture to third newly discovered cultural layer, but found the cultural relics Co.. Fourth cultural layer of cultural, cultural relics rich.

The number of stone products in 4th culture layer is the most, the response to cultural appearance is comprehensive and more exquisite. The types include stone core, stone chip, scraper, etc. The characteristics of stone core and stone chip are very obvious. The scraper is the main shape. Compared with other cultural layers of the earlier Ma Kuang ditch, these stone products are obviously progressive. 4th cultural layers are the same as the Banshan site, according to paleomagnetic dating. Its age is 132 million years.

Majuan ditch South of the mews ditch site is located in Zhangjiakou city of Hebei province in Yangyuan County, WA Xiang cenjiawan 1500 meters southwest of the village of Wang Fagang said, the excavation of the site to further extend the sequence of mews groove sites of ancient human relics, the cultural layer majuan ditch section of human activities increased to 15. Time is extended to 1 million 200 thousand years, and further enrich the culture of human evolution in sequence, prove that the ancient Nihewan Basin has a strong continuity.

The field excavation work since May 2017, has completed field work, is carrying out cultural sites sorting work.

Mahuanggou site was first discovered on 1992 and 1993. The first cultural layer was discovered in the period of 155 million years from 2001 to 2005 and 2014. In 2016, excavations were carried out continuously. According to the paleomagnetic dating results, the early Pleistocene Paleo-human evolution of the Nihewan Basin was basically established in the period from 17.6 million to 132 million years.

Nihewan site group is one of the earliest places of human origin in the world, distributed on both sides of the Sanggan River in Yangyuan County, Hebei Province, because of the Quaternary standard strata recognized by the international geological and archaeological circles. Famous for its abundant fossil mammals and human paleolithic remains, it is a treasure trove of ancient human culture that can compete with the Oduval Valley in East Africa and challenge the theory of the single Origin of Africa.

Source: China News Network